Fritz Eichenberg (1901-1990) was a German-American illustrator who worked primarily in wood engraving. His best-known works were concerned with religion, social justice and nonviolence. Eichenberg was born in Cologne, where the destruction of World War I helped to shape his anti-war sentiments. In 1933, the rise of Adolf Hitler convinced Eichenberg to emigrate with his wife and children to the United States, where he settled in New York City. In his prolific career as a book illustrator, Eichenberg specialized in material with elements of extreme spiritual and emotional conflict, fantasy, or social satire, illustrating authors including Dostoyevsky, Tolstoy, and Poe.